August 2, 2022 Primary Election FAQs
What is on the August 2, 2022 Primary Election ballot?
The following offices will be on the August 2, 2022 Primary Election ballot:
- State Senator (this is different than United States Senator, which was on the May 3, 2022 Primary Election ballot)
- State House Representative (this is different than United States House Representative, which was on the May 3, 2022 Primary Election ballot)
- Member of State Central Committee, Man
- Member of State Central Committee, Woman
If you live in Cleveland Ward 6, precinct M, there will be a local liquor option. Otherwise, there are no other issues on the August 2, 2022 Primary Election ballot (so if you wish to remain an unaffiliated/nonpartisan voter, you won't vote in this election).
What is a Primary Election?
A Primary Election is an election where members of a political party nominate candidates to appear on the General Election ballot in November. A candidate who wins his/her race in a Primary Election is not elected to that office. Instead, that candidate moves onto the General Election ballot in November, where all voters, regardless of political affiliation, will be able to vote for any candidate from any political party.
It's important to note that the State Central Committee races are an exception in that the winners of these offices in the Primary Election are in fact elected (and will not appear on the General Election ballot in November).
Who can vote in a Primary Election?
Any registered voter can vote in a Primary Election (so long as there is something on the ballot in a voter’s precinct). For this election, every precinct in the county will have a race to vote on.
Ohio is an open Primary state, which means regardless of your past/current political affiliation, you can choose to vote any party’s ballot in the current Primary Election. In a Primary Election, you must choose a political party (or an Issue Only ballot). As an example, you don’t have the option of voting for a Democratic candidate for one race and a Republican candidate for another. In a General Election, you can vote for a candidate from any political party (or a nonpartisan candidate).
Who are the candidates on the ballot?
You can see a list of ALL candidates for the August 2, 2022 Primary Election at the top of our Candidates page. To see the candidates that will appear on YOUR ballot, use one of the following tools:
How do I change my political party affiliation?
Under Ohio election law, you declare your political party affiliation by requesting the ballot of a political party in a partisan Primary Election. You remain this political party until you either request a ballot from a different political party, or you don’t vote in a partisan Primary Election for four consecutive years.
Put simply, you change your political party in Ohio by voting that party’s ballot in a Primary Election. Any voter is allowed to select the ballot of any political party in a Primary Election regardless of their current political affiliation.
What is redistricting and why did Ohio change district maps in 2022?
Redistricting is the process of enacting new congressional and state legislative boundaries. As required by the U.S. Constitution, this is done every 10 years following new census data. The most recent census was conducted in 2020, with the results of this population study released on August 12, 2021. It was this data that served to guide the redistricting process in Ohio that led to the district maps we are voting on in 2022.
Based upon the census data, Ohio’s overall population decreased relative to the rest of the United States, resulting in the number of U.S. Congressional districts in our state dropping from 16 to 15.
What Districts do I live in?
Districts for the Ohio House and the Ohio Senate have been changed for the year 2022. Maps that were passed by the Ohio Redistricting Commission on Feb. 24, 2022, are in effect for this year (new district maps will be drawn for elections in 2024). The simplest way to determine what district you live in is to use the Get Your Voting Information tool. A list of every district you live in can be found here. A sample of these districts is shown below:
If you are interested in the physical boundaries of any district map in Cuyahoga County, visit our Maps and Data page to view interactive maps.
What are the final district maps and how long are effective?
The Ohio Redistricting Commission is tasked with redrawing the district boundaries for both the Ohio House and Senate, as well as the U.S. Congressional districts in Ohio. This decade marks the first time the newly configured Ohio Redistricting Commission redrew the districts using criteria from an Ohio Constitutional Amendment that was passed by voters in 2015 (Issue 1).
The Ohio Redistricting Commission is comprised of seven members:
- One individual appointed by the Senate President
- One individual appointed by the Speaker of the House
- One individual appointed by the Senate Minority Leader
- One individual appointed by the House Minority Leader
- The Governor
- The Auditor
- The Secretary of State
To keep it simple, the Ohio Redistricting Commission, using new census data every 10 years, is to redraw district maps based on a set of criteria detailed in the 2015 Constitutional Amendment. To pass a redistricting plan, at least two members of each major political party must agree to the plan. If not, then any plan that is passed will only last four years.
Without getting into the details, due to legal challenges and rulings by both the Ohio Supreme Court and a Federal District Court, district maps for the Ohio House and Senate, along with the U.S. Congressional districts, are only effective for 2022 elections.